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“Populist” Government in Italy: Catastrophe or Useful Catalyst?
Foreign Policy Research Institute
21 juin, 2018


The recent entry into office of the new Italian government was received, in media and financial circles, as well as by most European leaders, with a mixture of indignation and concern. How could Italy—one of the founding members of the Union and its birthplace due to the Treaty of Rome—bring to power Eurosceptic, anti-establishment forces likely to jeopardize the stability of the euro and to create unprecedented tensions within the EU? The alliance between the far-right League and the Five Star Movement (M5S) stemming from a leftist, anti-globalization ideology, is regarded by many as the unfortunate confirmation of the rise of all kinds of “populisms” and therefore as a reversal of the virtuous pro-European momentum generated by last year’s election of French President Emmanuel Macron.

Jerusalem: President Trump Challenges Europe’s “Pavlovian” Reflexes
Foreign Policy Research Institute
18 mai, 2018


With the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and the decision to transfer the U.S. embassy there, U.S. President Donald Trump has made a first step to break one of Europe’s most deeply anchored reflexes. As former European Commissioner Chris Patten noted, “The main determinant Europe’s political behavior” is, on the Israel-Palestine issue in particular, “the Pavlovian rejection of any course of action that might distance Europe from the Americans.”

European defense: the new CSDP-NATO conundrum
Défense & Stratégie, Automne 2017, n°42, pp. 5-29
05 déc, 2017


The turbulences in the European and transatlantic skies over the course of the past year obviously have not been without impact on the coexistence between the Atlantic Alliance and the European Union's (EU) Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP). Long-time taboos have been lifted, initiatives are multiplying, new perspectives seem to open up, and immediately generate powerful backlashes. The outcome will depend largely, once again, on the choices made, and determination displayed, by France.

European flag: symbol of a
Articles, 30 nov, 2017

At the mid-October EU summit, President Macron joined the so-called Declaration No. 52, ten years after the Lisbon Treaty was adopted and France decided not to sign the annexed Declaration on EU symbols.[1] If the new French president chose to reverse policy at this particular moment, it is primarily as a response to far-left leader Mélenchon’s recent call to ban the European flag from the Assemblée nationale (the Lower House of the Parliament). Whereas the Declaration is legally non-binding, the move is intended, in Emmanuel Macron’s words, to “assert the attachment” of France to the symbols of Europe. One point that seems to have been largely overlooked, is that the meaning of those symbols can be very different, depending on whether one refers to the French or English version of the text.

President Macron’s Balancing Act
Lecture at the Princeton Committee of FPRI
26 oct, 2017


Overview of the various aspects of French President Emmanuel Macron's policies. From domestic policy, economic, social and integration issues, to Macron's first steps on the world stage, with a particular emphasis on his European priorities. Lecture at the Princeton Committee of FPRI*. 

President Macron’s France: Between Internal Turmoil and External Crossroads
Foreign Policy Research Institute, E-Notes
10 mai, 2017


 “One only comes out of ambiguity to their own detriment,” this maxim often repeated by former President François Mitterrand sounds like a premonitory warning in the aftermath of Emmanuel Macron’s election in France.

The UK's very special status in the EU
Note IVERIS
23 févr, 2016


 
Beyond the Brexit issue
Note IVERIS
18 févr, 2016


In 1975, at the time of the first British referendum on whether the United Kingdom should leave or remain in what was then the European Communities, a caricature of the Canard enchaîné depicted Prime Minister Harold Wilson in bed on a voluptuous, but visibly bored Europa who pleads: “In or out, my dear Wilson, but stop this ridiculous back and forth.”[1] It was more than forty years ago ... Four decades during which the UK has carefully kept their notoriously “semi-detached position” vis-a-vis Europe.

EU-NATO, this tiny bit of difference
Note IVERIS
07 nov, 2015


 
Joe the Sniper on the background of European sanctions against Russia
News Briefs, 10 oct, 2014

 
Small pearls from the last week (26 May 2014)
News Briefs, 26 mai, 2014

 
President Hollande's Europe
Articles, 16 mai, 2014

 
Ukrainian crisis: brief preliminary clarification
Articles, 03 mars, 2014

 
Small pearls from the last week (17 November 2013)
News Briefs, 17 nov, 2013

 
Small pearls from the last week (3 November 2013)
News Briefs, 03 nov, 2013

 
Small pearls from the last week (13 October 2013)
News Briefs, 13 oct, 2013

 
Small pearls from the last week (15 September 2013)
News Briefs, 15 sept, 2013

 
European identity: the story of a forty-year-old "misunderstanding"
Articles, 24 aout, 2013

 
Readings from the week (4 August 2013)
News Briefs, 03 aout, 2013

 
The Commission interferes in armaments matters
Articles, 29 juil, 2013

 
Europe vis-a-vis an unbalanced multipolar world
The Federalist Year LI, 2009
07 mars, 2009


That which, following the disappearance of the Soviet Union, was described as “the unipolar period” is now moving inexorably towards its end, to the dismay of those who pinned, and those who would still like to pin, all their hopes on it. The USA, concerned as ever with holding onto its leadership in global affairs, has for some time shown irritation at talk of a “multipolar world,” interpreting the expression as a sign of some kind of anti-American plot. In response to this, European leaders, French ones in particular, have repeatedly pointed out that the multipolar world, far from a design, is merely an observation.
A European Avant-garde: diagnosis, solution, raison d’être
Intervention aux Assises des Associations d'Europe
28 sept, 2007


 
An avant-garde to preserve and enhance European sovereignty
Pour une Europe européenne (ed. H. de Grossouvre)
14 sept, 2007


The European avant-garde has a sense and a legitimacy only if it is inspired by a strategic vision, aiming to the reinforcement of all the aspects of European sovereignty. Only such a project will be able to contribute to the safeguarding of a "certain idea of Europe": that of a fully-fledged geopolitical actor able to guarantee our security, to promote our values and our interests and to defend our economic, social, environmental and cultural model.

Becoming flexible to keep it together: the logic and the pitfalls behind the concept of differentiated integration
The Federalist, XLVIII, 2006, N° 1
28 oct, 2006


The present paper offers a brief overview of the terminological-historical, theoretical and political aspects of “differentiated integration” scenarios. It argues that although “flexibility” is the only way to consolidate the acquis and pursue the integration project, differentiation does not automatically lead to a more ambitious, more powerful and more European Europe. In order to ensure this outcome, the flexibility pioneers must pay particular attention to two paramount criteria.

The EU today: diagnostic and scenarios
Európai Unióról és oktatásáról (ed. O. Szabolcs)
13 mai, 2006


The process of European integration is, without any doubt, the most significant political innovation of the last half-century. Born out of the feeling of necessity, it has been guided by the hope that the construction of a community between European countries may eventually pave the way for the organization of tomorrow’s world. However, our subject here is not to dwell on how brilliant, necessary and promising the project is. In fact, the credibility and legitimacy of the European process today are weakened both inside and outside, in particular by the gulf between rhetoric and reality.

Relations between the Islam and the West – „Two Worlds?”
Globális biztonsági kihívások (ed. Tarrósy I.-Glied V.)
25 avril, 2006


When we examine the relationship between civilizations, one should first of all make a clear distinction between State actors, which do have the right and the capacity for political action, and cultural spheres of variable scale and cohesion, which do not. As the excellent American analyst, William Pfaff observed: "None of these civilizations, rather arbitrarily defined, is or ever was, as such, a political actor or a political entity. Nations act. Governments wage wars. But civilizations are not political units and there is no hint that they will ever become one". This does not mean, far from it, as one will see it hereafter, an underestimation of cultural and identity-related factors.

Public opinion largely in favour of European Europe
www.lepetitjournal.com Budapest
24 janv, 2006


According to Eurobarometer, it is in the new Member States - with their governments carefully aligned on American positions - that public opinion seems to be most favourable to the “Europe of Defence”. The surveys knock over the stereotypes... For the full text in English, please contact the author.

Core Europe idea put into context
intervention Réunion du Forum Carolus, Strasbourg
25 nov, 2005


Europe today is characterized by a strategic and identity-related vagueness: she is without geographical and political outlines. Her geographical borders are still imprecise towards the East and South, as well as towards the West. As for European sovereignty, it is in a sort of no man’s land: the Member States abandon entire sectors of their national sovereignty without there being anything, at a European level, resembling a political entity ready and able to defend Europeans’ capacity to decide and to act autonomously.

European security model
Népszabadság Online
25 oct, 2005


The Union and the people
Népszabadság Online
19 oct, 2005


 
European avant-garde as both a necessity and an opportunity
Les Débats du Forum Carolus
13 oct, 2005


"Integrated Europe where there would be no policy, would be dependent on an outsider who, in contrast, would have one.” (Charles de Gaulle, 1961). There is only one question worth asking in the current state of the European Union. It is to know whether this crisis is finally "the" crisis. The answer depends on the political will of the Member States’ leaders, those of France and Germany in the first place.
The EU, the crisis, the solution and ourselves
Népszabadság Online
20 juin, 2005


The enlargement of the European Union in 2004 was a mistake. It was plainly obvious since old Member States appeared unable to seize the opportunity which arised with François Mitterrand’s European confederation project, and did not have the political will to start any other form of ambition-based political differentiation during the decade which followed.

The Union’s suffering and the remedy
Népszabadság Online
04 juin, 2005


There is only one question worth asking in all this chaos surrounding the constitutional treaty. It is to know whether this crisis is finally "the" crisis. The answer depends on the political will of the Member States’ leaders, that of France and Germany in the first place. The suffering is the result of not merely the last, but of all past enlargements. The Heads of State and government of the Six, in 1969 in the Hague, only gave their assent for the opening of the accession negotiations "insofar as the candidate States accept the treaties and their political finalities".

Europe’s French conscience
Népszabadság Online
27 mai, 2005


There is no doubt that France has always constituted the cornerstone of the whole European construction: in its capacity as the guardian of the temple: the one who watches the project being kept on its original political track and who reminds the others to bear in mind the pursuit of those strategic purposes.

Survivors of Mars
ma.hu
09 mai, 2005


The theses on the (alleged) powerlessness of Europe and on the (supposedly) benevolent (self-proclaimed) omnipotence of the United States reveal a profound ignorance.

The Defence Model of the European Union in light of New Challenges
Security under Global Pressure (ed. I. Tarróssy)
01 mars, 2005


The paper starts by defining the main criteria of what can be called the European Security Model, and then examines the role qnd pertinence of this latter in the fight against terrorism.

Dilemmas of the guardian of the temple: France and enlargement of the European Union
Európa 2002, 2004/4
15 déc, 2004


From the French point of view enlargement cannot relegate to the second plan the aspiration to European independence and prosperity. On the contrary: the CEE countries’ accession must be carried out in a way to serve the cause of the preservation of the European model and of Europe's sovereignty.

The Constitutional Treaty’s novelties in the area of security and defence policy
Eszmélet n°64. November 2004
01 nov, 2004


The area of security and defence policy is the one registering the most noticeable positive shifts within the new EU Treaty (referred to as the constitution). These novelties - along with all finally adopted arrangements - are crucial regardless of the "constitution's" immediate fate: they demonstrate the delicate equilibrium between the minimum requirement for effective functioning and the maximum degree of political willingness at the level of the Twenty-Five.

Turkish EU accession: much ado about nothing
Népszabadság Online
06 oct, 2004


The mixed report of the EU Commission on Turkey’s accession marked the end of a double deceit. The one which made Ankara believe in the mirage of fully-fledged membership (obviously already as a candidate Turkey does not have the same rights as others). And the other one intended for the European public opinion and pretending that successive enlargements do not basically alter the Union’s very nature. Because it is precisely what they do.

The value(s) of Europe
Magyar Narancs XVI.40
30 sept, 2004


 
Perspectives and limits of the European Union’s fight against terrorism
Európai Szemle, 2004/2
01 aout, 2004


By pure coincidence, it was in Madrid, in December 1995, that the EU summit took place, where on the matter of terrorism the heads of state and government of the Fifteen stated for the first time what they could not but repeat eight years later – following the terrorist attacks on 11 March 2004 in the Spanish capital.

The mirages and the realities of the EU s new treaty
Népszabadság Online
18 juil, 2004


 
The EU budget battle - and what is behind
Articles, 15 juil, 2004

 
Barroso: dwarf president for giant tasks
Népszabadság Online
29 juin, 2004


European pseudo-constitution
Élet és Irodalom XLVIII. évfolyam 25. szám
20 juin, 2004


 
Future EU scenario from the past
Népszabadság Online
10 mai, 2004


 
Europe's fight against terrorism
Élet és Irodalom XLVIII. évfolyam 18. szám
02 mai, 2004


 
New challenges, new risks in the enlarged Union
Népszabadság Online
30 avril, 2004


 
Enlargement-accession paradoxes
Népszabadság Online
27 avril, 2004


 
Paris-Berlin-London: attempt to square the circle
Journal Francophone de Budapest
03 avril, 2004


Irish EU presidency
Journal Francophone de Budapest
21 janv, 2004


European pseudo-constitution
Journal Francophone de Budapest
15 oct, 2003


Italian EU presidency 2
Journal Francophone de Budapest
03 sept, 2003


Italian EU presidency 1
Journal Francophone de Budapest
13 aout, 2003


Return to the EU s foundations
Journal Francophone de Budapest
14 mai, 2003


The European Union and the Iraqi war
Magyar Narancs 2003/18
01 mai, 2003


 
Signature of the accession treaties in Athens
Journal Francophone de Budapest
23 avril, 2003


Europe and public opinion
Journal Francophone de Budapest
19 mars, 2003


Reprimands from Chirac
Journal Francophone de Budapest
05 mars, 2003


The Nice treaty enters into force
Journal Francophone de Budapest
19 févr, 2003


The old French-German couple and the re-invention of Europe
Journal Francophone de Budapest
05 févr, 2003


Europe and the Iraqi crisis
Journal Francophone de Budapest
22 janv, 2003


Greek EU presidency
Journal Francophone de Budapest
08 janv, 2003


The bigger the better - US view on EU enlargement
Journal Francophone de Budapest
28 déc, 2002


Copenhagen: not your usual EU summit
Journal Francophone de Budapest
18 déc, 2002


Public opinion on EU enlargement
Journal Francophone de Budapest
11 déc, 2002


Looking at Turkey Europe questions herself
Journal Francophone de Budapest
28 nov, 2002


Post-electoral Germany returns to the European arena
Journal Francophone de Budapest
01 nov, 2002


 
Public opinion on EU enlargement 2002
Journal Francophone de Budapest
15 oct, 2002


Iraq reveals the weaknesses of a political Europe
Journal Francophone de Budapest
15 sept, 2002


A few months before the historical decision on the adhesion of new members, the international agenda, dominated by the possibility of an American attack against Iraq, makes one wonder – in the prospect of an EU at 25 – about the dilemma "Europe-space” versus “Europe-power".

The European Union’s response to the events of September 11
Válaszok a terrorizmusra (ed. P. Tálas)
11 sept, 2002


Specificities of the EU’s situation and reaction Responses by sphere of activity Justice and Home Affairs Diplomacy and common foreign, security and defence policy Humanitarian assistance Air traffic safety Economic and financial measures Civil protection Long-term tendencies Collective defence Institutional flexibility Inter-pillars fusion Widening and deepening Mediterranean dimension Sustainable globalisation



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