The sempiternal French vision of Europe
A solid foundation: gaullo-mitterrandism
Soul-searching after the Cold War
Back to the future: Emmanuel Macron's presidency
Reinforcing factors - outside
Doubts about America
The renaissance of great power politics
Impeding factors - inside
German ambiguity: pacifist Atlanticism, nationalist EU "federalism"
Eastern Concerns: Russophobia vs. Russia policy
Almighty NATO: undermining European autonomy
The paradox of deepening integration: in unity is ... weakness?
European model, but how far?